State : Rajasthan
Total Area : 392.5 sq. kms.
Ranthambhore National Park ( core ) 274.50 sq. kms.
Buffer area to R.N.P. 118.00 sq. kms.
Ranthambore National Park is situated in India's north western state
of Rajasthan, near the town of Sawai Madhopur, midway between Bharatpur
and Kota townships. It is surrounded by the Vindhya and Aravali
hill ranges and is very near to the outer fringes of the Thar Desert.
The entire area has sprawling tracts of the desert and semi-desert
vegetation. Originally a hunting ground of the Maharaja of Jaipur,
Ranthambore was declared a game sanctuary in 1955. In 1980, it became
a national park and listed among the reserves protected under Project
Tiger (1973). Presently the Kaila Devi Sanctuary, also famous for
its tigers, and Mansingh Sanctuary also form part of Ranthambore
Ranthambore National Park sprawls over an estimated area of 400
sq kms. Steep crags embrace a network of lakes and rivers, and a
top one of these hills, is the impressive Ranthambore Fort, built
in the 10th century.
The entry point to the Ranthambore National Park, goes straight
to the foot of the fort and the forest rest house, Jogi Mahal. The
latter boasts of the second-largest banyan tree in India. The Padam
Talab, the Raj Bagh Talab and the Malik Talab are some of the lakes
in the area, that attract the tiger population. They have been spotted
at the edges of these lakes, and Jogi Mahal itself. Old crumbling
walls, ruined pavilions, wells, and other ancient structures stand
witness to the region's glorious past. The entire forest is peppered
with the battlements and spillovers of the Ranthambore Fort - tigers
are said to frequent these ruins, too. As a result of stringent
efforts in conservation, tigers, the prime assets of the Park, have
become more and more active during the day. More than in any other
park or sanctuary in India, tigers are easily spotted here in daylight.
They can be seen lolling around lazily in the sun, or feverishly
hunting down Sambar around the lakes.
Ranthambhor is plagued by the typical problems encountered by all
game reserves in India - people living in and around the parks and
grazing by livestock! Between 1976-1979, 12 villages within Ranthambhor
National Park were resettled outside the designated park area with
only a few people now residing in scattered hamlets within the park.
The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambhor; although it
is the one park resident people come to see. We were lucky to see
several varieties of birds including these owlets peering through
their burrow pictured here on the right and of course the ubiquitous
langur monkey. Other animals in the reserve include leopard, caracal,
hyena, jackal, jungle cat, marsh crocodiles, wild boar, bears and
various species of deer.
Seasons (Ranthambore National Park): October-June, the best period
How to Reach
: Jaipur 165km is the nearest airport
: Located on the Delhi Mumbai main railway
line, it is well connected with Jaipur and other major tourist centres.
Some important train conections are : 4005 expess (hazarat Nizamuddin
Sawai Madhopur-Shamgarh); Golden Temple mail(Mumbai-Sawai madhopur
jammu)avadh Express (Mumbai-Sawai Madhopur-Gorakpur); Dehradun Express
: A good network of bus services connect aswai
Madhopur with many places.