Kumbhalgarh (Kumbhalmer) is a fortress in Rajsamand District of
Rajasthan state in western India. The fort has perimeter walls that
extend 36 kilometres in length. Claimed to be the longest in the
world after "The Great Wall of China". Over 360 temples
are within the fort. 300 ancient Jain and the rest Hindu. The vista
from the palace t
typically extends tens of kilometers into the Aravalli Range. Built
by Rana Kumbha in mid-15th century, Kumbhalgarh is the second most
important bastion of Mewar, after Chittaurgarh. Covering an area
of 12 sq km, this fort fell only once to the army of Akbar and that
too because the water supply of the fort was contaminated by the
enemy forces. Even today the fort is reached with some difficulty
so its inaccessibility when it was built can be imagined. It served
as a refuge for the rulers of Mewar in times of strife.
The fort lies 1,100 metres above sea level and enclosed within its
fortified ramparts are palaces, temples, fields, water sources and
farms fully self-contained to withstand a long siege. Kumbhalgarh
provides an excellent view of the countryside where many fierce
battles were fought. It also has its significance of being the birth
place of Maharana Pratap.
Situated in Jodhpur, the fort was built by Rao Jodha in 1459 when
he shifted his capital from Mandore. The fort is perched about 400-ft
above the city and has 68-ft wide and 117-ft high walls. Rao Jodha
Singh from 1459 onwards constructed the palaces within the fort
area. The part of palace and buildings inside the fort complex is
converted into a museum- Mehrangarh museum. The Moti Mahal has stained
glass windows that create a colorful mosaic with the play of light
and shade. Chandan Mahal, Darbar Takhat or Throne Room, Rang Mahal
and Umaid Vilas are the major attractions for tourists.
Built in 1156 A.D. by Rawal Jailsal, the Fort is popularly known
as Sonar Qila and is perched on a the 80-m-high Trikuta Hill. About
a fourth of the old city's population resides within the f ort walls.
The magnanimous fort has 99 bastions around its circumference. The
fort also boost a group of five Jain Temples within the fort built
between the 12th and 15th centuries.
Chittorgarh Fort is known for its heroic history. The stories of
the valiant Rajput men and women, who sacrificed their lives in
the defense of their honor and this grand fort, live on in the ambience
of this impressive structure in Chittorgarh. Some of the structures
worth seeing in the Chittorgarh Fort are the Fateh Prakash Palace,
the Rani Padmini Palace and the Rana Kumbha Palace. The Vijay Stambha
or Tower of Victory, a popular landmark in Chittorgarh Fort, is
a grand 122-feet high structure. It was built by Rana Kumbha to
commemorate his victory over Sultan Muhammed Khilji of Malwa.
Amber Fort (also known as Amer Fort) is located 11 km from Jaipur.
Set on the banks of Maota Lake, this grand fort was built by Raja
Man Singh with later additions by Raja Jai Sigh I and Raja Jai Singh
II. Raja Man Singh, who was an important military leader in the
army of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, began this fort in 1592. Amber
Fort was later used by the Kachwaha rulers as their
capital. Tourists can enter Amber Fort by riding on elephant back
up to the impressive Singh Pol gateway.