State : Karnataka
Situated in the southern State of Karnataka, Pattadakal group of
monuments are famous for their harmonious blend of architectural
forms of northern and southern India. Pattadakal, the capital of
the Chalukya dynasty of medieval India, is 22 km away from Badami
and 514 km from Bangalore. This famous world heritage site consists
of a group of ten major temples, each displaying interesting architectural
Built in the 7th and 8th centuries, the Pattadakal monument was
royal coronation called 'Pattadakisuvolal'. Temples constructed
here mark the blending of the Rekha Nagara Prasada and the Dravida
Vimana styles of temple building. The oldest temple at Pattadakal
is the simple but massive Sangamesvara built by Vijayaditya Satyasraya
The Mallikarjuna and the Virupaksha temples at Pattadakal, were
built by two queens of Vikaramaditya II, to commemorate the victory
of the Chalukyas over the Pallavas. Virupaksha temple, built by
Queen Lokamahadevi, was originally called Lokeshwara. This temple
is built in the southern Dravida style and is the largest in the
enclosure. It has a massive gateway and several inscriptions.
Virupaksha temple also served as a model for the Rashtrakuta
ruler to carve out the great Kailasa at Ellora. The sculptural
art of the early Chalukyas is characterized by grace and delicate
details. The ceiling panels of the navagrahas, dikpalas, the dancing
Nataraja, the wall niches containing Lingodbhava, Ardhanarisvara,
Tripurari, Varahavishnu, Trivikrama bear ample testimony to the
sculptor's skill as well as the cult worship that was in vogue.
The narrative relief’s illustrating certain episodes from
the Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata and Panchatantra fitted well
with these grand religious edifices.
The Jambulinga Temple at Pattadakal has a fine figure of the
Dancing Shiva with Nandi (bull) & Parvathi by his side. Built
with a northern style tower, there is a horse-shoe arched projection
on its facade.
The Chandrashekhara and Kadasideeshwara are the other major temples
here, and Pattadakal also has a Jaina basadi of Rashtrakuta times
with two beautiful elephants in front.