the place of culmination of the Central Indian building style, is
situated in the Bundelkand area, 44 km northwest of Panna in Madhya
Pradesh. The temples of Khajuraho were mainly built between the
9th and 11th centuries under the active patronage of the powerful
Chandela Kings, Khajuraho being one of the capitals of the Chandelas.
The temples were the outcome of the religious feelings and aesthetic
talent of those kings.There were 85 temples constructed between
950 and 1050 A.D., of which only 20 are now in a good state of preservation.
The Khajuraho group of temples is the refined expression of the
Indo-Aryan architectural genius. They stand on a lofty platform-terrace
with a huge basement storey with beautifully ornamented mouldings.Over
this stable base rests the Jangha or solid walls alternated with
voids of the inner compartment-sanctum sanctorum, assembly hall
and the entrance portico. The loftiness of the Khajuraho temples
is enganced by smaller replica turrets grouped around the main tower.
The exterior decoration of the temple with parallel friezes pulsates
with waemth and vigour. The ceillings are supported by four heavily
sculptured pillars. The temples have graceful proportion and unique
surface decoration. The temples of Khajuraho belong to the Shiva,
Vaishnava and Jain sects but in spite of divergent sectarian affiliation,
the dominant architectural and sculptural schemes are homogeneouss.The
sculptures include five types: (1) cult images (2) family deities,
(3) divine nymphs, (4) erotic themes, and (5) animals. The erotic
sculptures are symbolic of cosmic love. The philosophy behind it
is that life's effoort is to fight decay and death, and this challenge
is symbolised in the mystic union of Shiva proper initiation.
The temples of Khajuraho, are founded on granite, after removing
0.5 to 1m of overburden.The unevenness of the ground profile, characteristic
of the granite terrain at Khajuraho, has been levelled by building
raised platform-terraces of about 2.5 m height. by using assorted
granite blocks. The Chausath-Yogini, Brahma and LalguanMahadeva
temples are constructed of locally available granite which is coarse
grained, hard and compact having a compressive strength of 1500kg/cm2.
Weathering is confined in local pockets. Stones of large dimension
up to a maximum of 90*60*30 cm have been used in the construcion.
Most of the temples at Khajuraho are constructed of fine granit
Vindhyan sandstone of varying shades of buff, pink and pale yellow
, yellow from the quarries of Panna on the eastern bank of the Ken
river. The sandstone blocks have been clamped at the exterior end.
The top portion rests on columns and walls of the buildings. Excellent
carvings in Vindhyan stone are still preserved.
How to Reach
Khajuraho Air service is driect link with Delhi, Agra,
Varanasi and Kathmandu.
The nearest railheads are Mahoba and Harpalpur. Jhansi
is a convenient railhead for those travelling from Mumbai, Delhi
and Chennai and Varanasi the railhead is Satna, on the Mumbai-Allahabad
section of the Central Railway is ideal. Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta,
Chennai, Agra by train to the railheads.
Khajuraho is connected by regular and direct bus services
with Chhatarpur, Mahoba, Harpalpur, Satna, panna, Jhansi, Gwalior,
Agra, Sagar, Jabalpur, Indore, Bhopal, Varanasi and Allahabad.