State : Madhya Pradesh
Total Area : 1945 sq. kms./ 94,000 hectares of national park.
Everyone we know wants to see a tiger. Not in a circus: not in a
zoo; not even, for that matter a tiger corralled in the vast acres
of a safari park, although that's better than not seeing a tiger
at all! The best, and by far the most thrilling, way to see a tiger
is to come across it when it is free to roam the wilderness of its
natural habitat: the fields and forests of India. We've seen wild
tigers in many places in our land but nowhere have we seen them
as often, and as regularly as in Kanha National Park
This park is situated in the heart of Sal forests of the Central
high lands of Mandla and Balaghat districts. It covers 940sq.km
in area. It was set up in 1995. The nearest town Mandla is 65 km,
Jabalpur which is160 km from the park is both rail head as well
as air port; Nagpur is 270 km from the park.
Kanha National Park
is Kipling country and the nearby forests
were the setting for the "Jungle Book" by Rudyard Kipling.
It's an outstanding national park
and wildlife reserve
of Central India, noted for its last remaining population of the
hard-ground race of the Swamp Deer (approximately 380). Spotting
wild animals is always a matter of luck, but Kanha is so rich in
wildlife that the odds are titled in your favour. Most people are
keener to meet Kanha's most famous citizen: the Tiger. Thereare
a healthy numbers of the Tiger found over here, which may be seen
during the day, and is one of the best places left to see them.
This area was initially made a sanctuary in 1955 to protect the
magnificent barasingha-swamp deer from extinction There are 175
varieties of birds in Kanha National Park. So if you happen to be
bird watcher, look forward to a full spotting itinerary. The terrain
inside the park is varied, nonetheless enjoyable. Bamboo forests
flow into Sal forests and meadows. The fauna of the park consists
of barasingha, cheetal sambar, black duck, barking deer, gaur, hog
deer, chausingha, bison, boar, tiger, leopard, hyena and wild dog.
It is also the tiger reserve under project tiger. The number of
tigers has doubled and barasingha have crossed the 450 mark. There
are nearly two hundred bird species such as storks, teals, pintails,
egrets, peafowl, partridges, doves, pigeons, cuckoos, eagles, kites,
The Topography(Kanha National Park)
Kanha has two main valleys, Halon in the east and Banjar in the
west, and the grassy 'maidans' (often old village sites), dotted
with clumps of forest harbour large numbers of herbivores. The hills
offer support sizeable plateaus (locally called 'Dadars') and the
characterized by extensive grasslands and scant trees. These 'Dadars'
are much favoured by Gaur and Four-horned Antelope.
The forests are deciduous, the main tree being the Sal, and there
are large stands of bamboo. Higher up the slopes the forests tend
to become dense and mixed with Haldu and Bija trees. Birds in the
park include the Painted Partridge, Shaheen Falcon and Golden Oriole.
Visiting Season (Kanha National Park): Months from November-June
are favorable for visitation in the park; still the best period
How to Reach
: Drive from Jabalpur (6 hours), which is also
the nearest airport or from Nagpur (7 hours drive). There are regular
air services to Raipur and Nagpur (270 kms) from other airports
in India. From these airports one has to drive to the park.
: The most convenient railheads for Kanha
are Jabalpur and Nagpur. These two are well connected by fast and
superfast trains other destinations in India.
:To access the Kanha National Park there
are two ways, via Khatia or via Kisli. From Jabalpur there are daily
bus services to these places. From Jabalpur, Bilaspur and Raipur
one can hire taxis to the park. No vehicles are allowed inside the
park after dark so get there before dusk.