Jantar Mantar Jaipur
to the City Palace entrance is the Jantar - Mantar, begun in 1728
by Savaii Singh whose passion for astronomy was even more notable
than his powers as a warrior. Before commencing Jantar Mantar, he
sent scholars abroad to study foreign observatories. This observatory
is the largest and best preserved of the five he built, with 13
different instruments for calculating the movement of celestial
bodies. It was restored in1901. The others are in Delhi, Varanasi
and Ujjain. The fifth observatory, at Mathura, has disappeared.
Jantar mantar (or 'instrument of calculation')is a curious if
somewhat compelling collection of sculptures. In fact, each construction
has a specific purpose, for example, measuring the positions of
the stars, altitude and azimuth, and calculating eclipses.