India Gate Delhi
the center of New Delhi stands the 42m high India Gate, an "Arc-de-Triomphe"
like Archway in the middle of a crossroad. Almost similar to its
French counterpart war memorial. It commemorates the 70,000 Indian
soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the British Army during
the First World War and bears the names of more than 13,516 British
and Indian soldiers killed in the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan
war of 1919.
The foundation stone was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke
of Connaught in 1921 and was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The monument
was dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the then Viceroy,
Lord Irwin. Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti was added much
later, after India got its independence. It is in the form of
a flame that burns day and night under the arch to remind the
nation of soldiers who laid down their lives in the Indo-Pakistan
War of December 1971.
The entire arch stands on a low base of red Bharatpur stone and
rises in stages to a huge molding, beneath, which are inscribed
Imperial sons. Above on both sides is inscribed INDIA, flanked by
MCM and to the right, XIX. The shallow domed bowl at the top was
intended to be filled with burning oil on anniversaries but this
is rarely done.
Surrounding the imposing structure is a large expanse of lush
green lawns, which is a popular picnic spot. One can see hoards
of people moving about the brightly lit area and on the lawns
on summer evenings.