This fort is situated at Gopachal, nearly 100m above the town of Gwalior.
It’s width ranges from nearly 1km, to less than 200m. The
walls, which encircle the fort, are solid and nearly 10m high. In
places the cliff overhangs and elsewhere it has been clipped to
make it steep and hence unscalable. It earned the reputation of
being North and Central India’s most impregnable fort. Babur
described the fort as, "The pearl amongst fortresses in India".
The fort also enjoys the advantage of an unlimited water supply,
as there are many water tanks on the plateau.
The fort can be approached from the south or the northeast. The
latter approach starts from the archaeological museums and leads
to the doors of the Man Singh Palace. The southern entrance is via
the URBAI GATE and goes past the cliff face with Jain Sculptures
This fort is located in Gwalior, which is in the northern part of
Madhya Pradesh, near its border with the state of Uttar Pradesh.
It is located on a hill to the north of LASHKAR, the new town of
The fort has a long history, which goes back to over 1000years.
According to a legend, on the hilltop where the fort stands, lived
a hermit GWALIPA. He cured SURAJ SEN of leprosy, by giving him a
drink of water from the Suraj kund, which is still there in the
fort. He also renamed him SURAJ PAL and said that as long as he
and his descendents kept the name PAL, they would remain in power.
His 84th descendent however, changed his name and lost his kingdom.
In 1938, the Tomar dynasty came to power in Gwalior. Man Singh,
who ascended the throne in 1486 incidentally, was the greatest of
the Tomar rulers. He repelled an attack on the fort by SIKANDAR
LODI of Delhi. In 1516, Ibrahim Lodi laid siege on the fort. Man
Singh died but his son held on to the fort for one year before surrendering.
After the Lodis, the fort passed into the hands of the Mughals who
held onto it till 1754, when the Marathas captured it.
The next 50 years saw the fort change hands several times before
passing into the hands of the Scindias. In 1857, the troops revolted
against the British in defiance of the ruler who remained loyal
to the British. It was near this fort that TANTIA TOPE was defeated
and the Rani of Jhansi killed in battle. CLIMATE
It is hot during the summers (April to June), with temperatures
touching 40oC . Monsoon lasts from July to Sept. The winters are
mild. However, the nights can be cold.
BY AIR Indian Airlines operates a flight to Gwalior from Delhi.
BY BUS There are regular bus services from Gwalior to Agra, Jhansi,
Shivpuri, Indore, Bhopal and Jabalpur.
BY TRAIN Gwalior is on the main Delhi to Mumbai railway line. The
superfast SHATABDI EXPRESS links it with Delhi.