THE CITY OF GARDENS
Bangalore is the capital city of the southern Indian state of Karnataka.
It is also known as the Garden City because of its many beautiful
gardens and parks. Though the origin of Bangalore is ancient, the
present-day city was founded in the 16th century and has since continued
to be an important administrative center. Because of the high concentration
of IT industry, it also called the Silicon Valley of India.
Bangalore, the 'Garden City Of India' and capital of the State (1000
m above level ) was founded in 1537 AD by a Vijaynagar chieftan
Kempe Gowda. The legend goes that the King Veera Ballala of Vijaynagar
once lost his way while hunting in a forest. Hungry tired, he came
upon a lone hut in the thick of forest where he met an old woman.
When he asked for food she gave him some baked beans (Benda Kalu
in Kannada ). To the King this humble meal tasted better than those
served in palace. To commemorate the incident, he called the place
'Benda Kaluooru' (place of baked beans ) and this in time transformed
into Bangalore. In the 18th century it was the stronghold of Haider
Ali and Tipu Sultan. Today it is the fifth largest city of India
and country's main industrial city which includes industries like
aircraft, telephones, electronics etc.
Place to See
The Vidhan Saudha is a four storeyed building which was built after
the India's independence. This magnificent building was conceived
and executed by Chief Minister Kengal Hanumanthaiya in 1956. The
Vidhan Saudha houses the State Legislative Assembly and part of
the secretariat. This building is the combination of ancient and
modern style of architecture and built in the neo-Dravidian style
out of the Bangalore granite. The building is illuminated on Sunday
evenings, weekends and public holidays.
Lal bagh is a botanical garden, which is spread over 240 acres of
land. This beautiful garden was laid by Hyder Ali in 1760 and later
developed by Tipu Sultan. This garden was originally known as Lal
bagh because the garden had a profusion of red roses. This garden
houses over 1,800 species of rare herbs, plants and centuries-old
trees. The garden is known for its exotic trees, lakes, lotus ponds,
lawns and rare plants brought from abroad. A green house is also
placed in the middle of the garden which has a collection of various
kinds of flora. The Glass House is built on the lines of the Crystal
Palace in London and is the main attraction of this huge park and
also the venue of the colourful Flower Show.
Cubbon Park & Museums
It was designed by Lt. Gen. Mark Cubbon, in 1864. the park covers
an area of over 300 acres in the heart of the city and is the green
zone of Bangalore. The park is also studded with some splendid sculptures
and red Gothic Buildings, which house the Public Library, the High
Court, the Government Museum and the Technological & Industrial
The Children’s Park inside the garden is exclusively for kids,
adults are allowed entry only if accompanied by children. The Jawaharlal
Bal Bhavan here has a children’s centre, which screens children
films and also conducts courses in pottery, aero-modelling etc.
Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium
The modern planetarium built in 1989, provides an insight into the
world of astronomy, through interesting shows at sky theatre. An
attractive Musical Fountain with dancing waters is set opposite
Another attraction opposite the planetarium is the musical fountain
and its dancing waters. The Bangalore Palace: Modeled after the
Windsor Palace, this beautiful granite palace was built by the Wodeyars,
the erstwhile rulers of Mysore.
Tipu Sultan's Palace
The Tipu Sultan's palace is built out of the teakwood. This palace
was built between 1781-1791. The major attraction of the palace
are the floral designs on the walls and ceilings. After Tipu’s
death the palace was used as a Secretariat by the British until
The beautiful Hare Krishna shrine on the hillock attracts a large
number of devotees. The fusion of modern technology and spiritual
harmony makes it a worth visiting site. Panoramic view of the surroundings
can be enjoyed from here.
St. Mary’s Basilica
It was origianally built in 1818, by Abbe Dubois, a French missionary.
In 1882, this small chapel was transformed into a huge Gothic style
church with beautiful glass stained windows by Rev. Kleiner. The
church was given the statues of a basilica in 1973, through a papal
order by Pope John Paul IV.
How to Reach
Bangalore Airport is 13 km east of the City
Bangalore has a large bus terminus, which
is near the railway station.
Banglore is well connected with all major
cities by roads.