State : Uttar Pradesh
People from all over the world come to Agra to see Taj Mahal, one
of the seven wonders of the world. It is located about 204 km south
of Delhi in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Situated on the west
bank of river the Yamuna, Agra is the city of tombs and memorials.
Agra is also known for its Taj Mahotsav. A cultural fest held in
the month of February every year that enables to celebrate traditional
Indian music and dance on a single platform. Thousands of tourists
throng to it from all over the world.
Agra is a medieval city situated on the banks of the river Yamuna.
It is generally accepted that Sultan Sikandar Lodi, the Ruler of
Delhi Sultanate founded it in the year 1506. After the sultan's
death the city passed on to his son Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. He ruled
his Sultanate from Agra till he fell fighting to Babur in the First
battle of Panipat fought in 1526. The golden age of Agra began with
the Mughals. It remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under
Emperor Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan later shifted
his capital to Shahjahanabad in the year 1649.
Since Agra was one of the most important cities under the Mughals,
it witnessed a lot of building activity. Babar, the founder of the
Mughal dynasty laid out the first formal Persian garden on the banks
of river Yamuna. The garden is called the Aram Bagh or the Garden
of Relaxation. His grandson Akbar raised the towering ramparts of
the Great Red Fort besides making Agra a center for learning arts,
commerce and religion. Akbar also built a new city on the outskirts
of Agra called Fatehpur Sikri. This city was built in the form of
a Mughal military camp in stone. His son Jahangir had a love of
gardens and flora and fauna and laid many gardens inside the Red
Fort or Laal Kila. Shah Jahan known for his keen interest in architecture
gave Agra its most prized monument, The Taj Mahal. Built in loving
memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the mausoleum was completed in
Shah Jahan later shifted the capital to Delhi during his reign,
but this son Aurangzeb shifted the capital back to Agra and had
his father imprisoned in the Agra Fort. Agra remained capital of
India during the rule of Aurangzeb till he shifted it to Aurangabad
in the Deccan in 1653. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the
city came under the influence of Marathas and Jats before falling
into the hands of The British Raj in 1803.
Place to See
The Taj Mahal, the one and only one of its kind across the world.
The monumental labour of love of a great ruler for his beloved queen.
The ultimate realisation of Emperor Shahjahan's dream. One of the
wonders of the world.
Though Agra is more famous world over as the city of Taj,Agra Fort
is another dimension to the city thatattracts tourists in hordes
The mausolumn of emperor Akbar represent his philosphy and secular
outlook, combining the best of Hindu and Muslim architectures in
a superlative region. Completed in 1613 A.D. by his son Jahangir,
it is one of the well preserved monuments. This is the last resting
place of the Mughal Empror Akbar.
Qutab-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, commenced the
construction of the Qutab Minar in 1200 AD, but could only finish
the basement. His successor, Iltutmush, added three more storeys,
and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak constructed the fifth and the last
storey. The development of architectural styles from Aibak to Tughlak
are quite evident in the minar. The relief work and even the materials
used for construction differ.
Under patronage from the emperor, he set on himself the task of
correcting the existing astronomical tables and updating the almanac
with more reliable instruments. Delhi's Jantar Mantar is the first
of the five observatories that he built with large masonary instruments.
Fairs & Festivals
Delhi is one of the greenest capitals in the world, with a long
tradition of laying out of gardens, which dot the city. It is this
tradition that Delhi Tourism keeps alive by holding the Garden Tourism
Festival at the end of February which is generally spread over three
days and generates much enthusiasm amongst the gardening fratenity.
This is not only a visual feast since Delhi is ablaze with flowers
at this time, but also a useful meeting ground for gardening enthusiasts,
as well as fun and frolic for children of all ages.
The seat of empire for centuries, royal patronage ensured that Delhi
remained the cultural epicentre of the country, attracting the best
of painters, musicians and dancers. Delhi Tourism puts on display
this rich and diverse cultural heritage by holding a series of festivals
during the year.
Traditionally, Delhi Tourism holds the Qutub Festival of classical
music and dance around Sharad Purnima in the month of October at
the Qutub Minar Complex. The Qutub and its surrounding monuments,
bathed in the silver radiance of the full moon provide a perfect
How to Reach
: All the major National and International
Air Lines have their flights operating from Delhi's Indira Gandhi
: The Indian Railway with their modern and
organised network connects Delhi to all major and minor destinations
in India. There are three important Railway Stations in Delhi namely
New Delhi Rly. Station, Old Delhi Rly. Station and Hazarat Nizamuddin
: Delhi is well connected by road to all major
destinations in North India. The Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT)
are located at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale-Khan and Anand Vihar. Delhi
Transport Corporations of the neighbouring states provide frequent
bus services through Air Conditioned, Deluxe and Ordinary Coaches.